Revista INFAD de Psicología:  ISSN: 0214-987
2014 (IJODAEP) Nº2, Vol. 1, pp. 63 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep/2014.n2.v1.006

 

Revista INFAD 2014

RESULTADOS DA ADESÃO A UM PROGRAMA DE EXERCÍCIOS PARA PESSOAS IDOSAS

 

Mariana Aparício1,

VítorPinheira1,2

1EscolaSuperior deSaúdeDr.LopesDias – InstitutoPolitécnicodeCasteloBranco,Portugal

2UNIFAI-UniversidadedoPorto,Portugal

 

 

Fecha de recepción: 3/10/2014
Fecha de aceptación: 21/10/2014
Fecha de publicación: 05/11/2014

ABSTRACT

Introdução e Objetivos: Este estudo avaliou a adesão dos idosos a um programa de exercícios e sua efetividade nos ganhos de mobilidade, estado geral de saúde, função cognitiva, equilíbrio e níveis de atividade física. Metodologia: Um programa de 8 semanas foi aplicado em 30 indivíduos de 3 localidades, sendo avaliados em t0 pelo TUG (mobilidade), SF-12 (estado geral de saúde), MMSE (cognição), Escala de Berg (equilíbrio) e IPAQ (níveis de atividade física) e em t1 (avaliação final). Duas das localidades foram avaliadas em t2 e t3, correspondendo aos follow-up de 3 e 6 meses. A adesão foi medida pela percentagem de faltas ao programa. Resultados: A Escala de Berg apresenta ganhos significativos entre t0-t1 (p=0,008) e t0-t2 (p=0,026). O SF-12 (domínio mental) revela ganhos entre t0-t3 (p=0,043). O IPAQ revela significância nas atividades vigorosas e sedentárias (p=0,009; p=0,001). A participação das sessões foi de 82,08%. Discussão: Em duas das localidades os indivíduos realizaram os exercícios em grupo, revelando ganhos no estado de saúde (domínio mental), equilíbrio e tempo em atividade vigorosa, com diminuição do tempo sedentário. Não houve ganhos na mobilidade, estado de saúde (domínio físico), função cognitiva e níveis de atividade física. A adesão ao programa foi elevada. Palavras-chave: Programa de Exercício; Idosos; Adesão; Fisioterapia

Citación:

Aparício, Mariana y Pinheira, Vítor. «Resultados da adesão a um programa de exercícios para pessoas idosas». International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology. N.o2, Volumen 1,(5 de noviembre de 2014): 8. http://dx.doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep/2014.n2.v1.006

  • Balboa-Castillo T, Leon-Munoz LM, Graciani A, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, Guallar- Castillon P. Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2011;9:47. Epub 2011/06/29.
  • Bauman AE, Reis RS, Sallis JF, Wells JC, Loos RJ, Martin BW. Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? Lancet. 2012;380(9838):258-71. Epub 2012/07/24.
  • British Heart Foundation. Guidelines for the promotion of physical activity with older people. London: British Heart Foundation; 2008.
  • Cavill N, Kahlmeier S, Racioppi F, World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Physical activity and health in Europe : evidence for action. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe; 2006. 34 p. p.
  • Costello E, Kafchinski M, Vrazel J, Sullivan P. Motivators, barriers, and beliefs regarding physical activity in an older adult population. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2011;34(3):138-47. Epub 2011/09/23.
  • Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2003;35(8):1381-95. Epub 2003/08/06.
  • Duncan KA, Pozehl B. Staying on course: the effects of an adherence facilitation intervention on home exercise participation. Progress in cardiovascular nursing. 2002;17(2):59-65, 71. Epub 2002/05/03.
  • Ferreira MT, Matsudo SM, Ribeiro MC, Ramos LR. Health-related factors correlate with behavior trends in physical activity level in old age: longitudinal results from a population in Sao Paulo, Brazil. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:690. Epub 2010/11/12.
  • Ferreira PL. [Development of the Portuguese version of MOS SF-36. Part I. Cultural and linguistic adaptation]. Acta medica portuguesa. 2000;13(1-2):55-66. Epub 2000/11/04. Criacao da versao portuguesa do MOS SF-36. Parte I–Adaptacao cultural e linguistica.
  • Forkan R, Pumper B, Smyth N, Wirkkala H, Ciol MA, Shumway-Cook A. Exercise adherence following physical therapy intervention in older adults with impaired balance. Phys Ther. 2006;86(3):401-10. Epub 2006/03/02.
  • Freene N, Waddington G, Chesworth W, Davey R, Goss J. ‘Physical activity at home (PAAH)’, evaluation of a group versus home based physical activity program in community dwelling middle aged adults: rationale and study design. BMC public health. 2011;11:883. Epub 2011/11/25.
  • Hall AM, Ferreira PH, Maher CG, Latimer J, Ferreira ML. The influence of the therapist-patient relationship on treatment outcome in physical rehabilitation: a systematic review. Phys Ther. 2010;90(8):1099-110. Epub 2010/06/26.
  • Hanibuchi T, Kawachi I, Nakaya T, Hirai H, Kondo K. Neighborhood built environment and physical activity of Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES). BMC Public Health. 2011;11:657. Epub 2011/08/23.
  • Hinrichs T, Bucchi C, Brach M, Wilm S, Endres HG, Burghaus I, et al. Feasibility of a multidimensional home-based exercise programme for the elderly with structured support given by the general practitioner’s surgery: study protocol of a single arm trial preparing an RCT [ISRCTN58562962]. BMC Geriatr. 2009;9:37. Epub 2009/08/19.
  • Hinrichs T, Moschny A, Brach M, Wilm S, Klaassen-Mielke R, Trampisch M, et al. Effects of an exercise programme for chronically ill and mobility-restricted elderly with structured support by the general practitioner’s practice (HOMEfit) – study protocol of a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2011;12:263. Epub 2011/12/23.
  • INE IP. Censos 2011 Resultados Definitivos – Portugal. Lisboa-Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, I.P.; 2012.
  • Kegler MC, Alcantara I, Veluswamy JK, Haardorfer R, Hotz JA, Glanz K. Results from an intervention to improve rural home food and physical activity environments. Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2012;6(3):265-77. Epub 2012/09/18.
  • King AC, Hekler EB, Grieco LA, Winter SJ, Sheats JL, Buman MP, et al. Harnessing different motivational frames via mobile phones to promote daily physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior in aging adults. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e62613. Epub 2013/05/03.
  • Leijon ME, Faskunger J, Bendtsen P, Festin K, Nilsen P. Who is not adhering to physical activity referrals, and why? Scand J Prim Health Care. 2011;29(4):234-40. Epub 2011/12/01.
  • Montero-Fernandez N, Serra-Rexach JA. Role of exercise on sarcopenia in the elderly. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2013;49(1):131-43. Epub 2013/04/12.
  • Morgado JR, C.S.; Maruta, C.; Guerreiro, M.; Martins, I.P. New Normative Values of Mini-Mental State Examination. Sinapse. 2009;9:10-6.
  • Muir SW, Berg K, Chesworth B, Speechley M. Use of the Berg Balance Scale for predicting multiple falls in community-dwelling elderly people: a prospective study. Physical therapy. 2008;88(4):449-59. Epub 2008/01/26.
  • Nelson ME, Rejeski WJ, Blair SN, Duncan PW, Judge JO, King AC, et al. Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(8):1435-45. Epub 2007/09/01.
  • Patel A, Schofield GM, Kolt GS, Keogh JW. Perceived barriers, benefits, and motives for physical activity: two primary-care physical activity prescription programs. J Aging Phys Act. 2013;21(1):85-99. Epub 2012/07/27.
  • Petrella RJ, Lattanzio CN, Shapiro S, Overend T. Improving aerobic fitness in older adults: effects of a physician-based exercise counseling and prescription program. Can Fam Physician. 2010;56(5):e191-200. Epub 2010/05/14.
  • Petursdottir U, Arnadottir SA, Halldorsdottir S. Facilitators and barriers to exercising among people with osteoarthritis: a phenomenological study. Phys Ther. 2010;90(7):1014-25. Epub 2010/05/15.
  • Podsiadlo D, Richardson S. The timed “Up & Go”: a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1991;39(2):142-8. Epub 1991/02/01.
  • Sabaté E, WHO Adherence to Long Term Therapies Project., Global Adherence Interdisciplinary Network., World Health Organization. Dept. of Management of Noncommunicable Diseases. Adherence to long-term therapies : evidence for action. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003. 196 p. p.
  • Sedentary Behaviour Research N. Letter to the Editor: Standardized use of the terms “sedentary” and “sedentary behaviours”. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2012;37(3):540-2.
  • Shumway-Cook A, Brauer S, Woollacott M. Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults using the Timed Up & Go Test. Physical therapy. 2000;80(9):896-903. Epub 2000/08/29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/h2012-024
  • Steffen TM, Hacker TA, Mollinger L. Age- and gender-related test performance in community-dwelling elderly people: Six-Minute Walk Test, Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up & Go Test, and gait speeds. Physical therapy. 2002;82(2):128-37. Epub 2002/02/22.
  • Stratford PW, Kennedy D, Pagura SM, Gollish JD. The relationship between self- report and performance-related measures: questioning the content validity of timed tests. Arthritis Rheum. 2003;49(4):535-40. Epub 2003/08/12.
  • Tomioka K, Iwamoto J, Saeki K, Okamoto N. Reliability and validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in elderly adults: the Fujiwara- kyo Study. Journal of epidemiology / Japan Epidemiological Association. 2011;21(6):459-65. Epub 2011/09/29.
  • Ware J, Jr., Kosinski M, Keller SD. A 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey: construction of scales and preliminary tests of reliability and validity. Medical care. 1996;34(3):220-33. Epub 1996/03/01.
  • WHO. World Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2010. 58 p. p.

Share

La Asociación INFAD es miembro de: