Revista INFAD de Psicología:  ISSN: 0214-987
2014 (IJODAEP) Nº2, Vol. 1, pp. 243 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep/2014.n2.v1.029

 

Revista INFAD 2014

 ERGONOMÍA Y ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA EN MAYORES

Prof. Miguel Corbí Santamaría,
mcorbi@ubu.es

Prof. Vanesa Baños Martínez,
vbanos@ubu.es

Dra. Esther Ruiz Palomo,
erpalomo@ubu.es

Dra. Camino Esoclar Llamazares,
cescolar@ubu.es

Dra. Isabel Luis Rico,
miluis@ubu.es

Dra. Carmen Palmero Cámara,
cpalmero@ubu.es

Dr. Alfredo Jiménez Eguizábal,
ejea@ubu.es

Universidad de Burgos, 09001
Tlf: 947 285 723

Fecha de recepción: 12/10/2014
Fecha de aceptación: 23/10/2014
Fecha de publicación: 05/11/2014

RESUMEN

La mayor parte de las lesiones que se producen por la realización de una actividad física reglada se deben a una falta de asesoramiento tanto en la ejecución de la actividad como en el uso de los aparatos necesarios para cada actividad. Mientras que el asesoramiento de la ejecución es responsabilidad de los profesionales a cargo en los centros de actividad física, el uso del aparato se puede ver dificultado por una falta de ergonomía en el diseño de éste. Cada vez con mayor frecuencia, las marcas de material deportivo procuran incluir partes móviles y ajustables en sus máquinas para facilitar su adecuación a las características del mayor número de usuarios posibles. Sin embargo, estos reglajes suelen resultar inválidos para las características de las personas mayores, impidiendo la práctica a un colectivo cada vez más demandante de este tipo de actividades. La presente investigación busca conocer las variables moduladoras en la percepción de las personas mayores sobre la ergonomía en su ejercicio físico, a la vez que establecer un patrón de investigación sobre el caso. Considerando los aspectos estructurales y funcionales de los gimnasios y de las personas mayores, tomamos una muestra de sujetos mayores de 55 años a los que se les administra un cuestionario ad hoc para conocer si las percepciones difieren en función de la edad del participantes, la frecuencia de la realización de la actividad o de la calidad ergonómica de los recursos e instalaciones donde se realiza la actividad física. El presente artículo muestra el proceso de validación de un test para ser utilizado en investigaciones posteriores por medio de un estudio piloto.

Palabras clave: Ergonomía, actividad física, personas mayores

ABSTRACT

Most injuries that occur by performing a formal physical activity are due to a lack of guidance in the implementation of both the activity and the use of the necessary equipment for each activity. While the advice of the implementation is the responsibility of the professionals in charge, the use of the tools can be seen hampered by the ergonomics. Increasingly often, sporting goods manufacturers seek to include mobile and adjustable parts on their machines to facilitate their adaptation to the characteristics of the larger number of potential users. However, these tend to be invalid settings for the characteristics of the elderly, preventing the practice of the elderly people. This research aims to determine the modulating variables in the perception on ergonomics by the elderly concerning the own physical activity. Considering the structural and functional aspects of the gyms and the elderly, take a sample of subject older than 55 years who received a questionnaire ad hoc in order to know if self-perception differs depending on the age of the participants, the physical activity frequency and the ergonomic quality of resources and facilities. This paper presents the validation of a test to be used in future research through a pilot study.

Key Words: Ergonomy, physical activity, elderly

Citación:

Corbí-Santamaría, Miguel; Baños-Martínez, Vanesa; Ruiz Palomo, Esther; Esoclar Llamazares, Camino; Luis Rico, Isabel; Palmero Cámara, Carmen; Jiménez Eguizábal, Alfredo. «Sobrecarga dos cuidadores informais de idosos dependentes: caraterísticas relativas ao cuidador». International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology. N.o2, Volumen 1,(5 de noviembre de 2014): 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep/2014.n2.v1.029

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