|Revista INFAD 2013||
ISSN EDICIÓN EN PAPEL: 0214-9877
|Nº1, Vol. 1, pp. 217-226||doi: en trámite|
ESTILOS E PRÁTICAS PARENTAIS E SINAIS DE DEPRESSÃO EM ADOLESCENTES BRASILEIROS
Lidia Natalia Dobriansyj Weber
Parenting practices correspond to behaviors defined by specific contents and by socializing objectives, while parenting styles constitute the conjunction of parental attitudes that generate an emotional climate in which parental behavior is expressed, including the parenting practices. Both have strong impact on child and adolescent development and many studies emphasize the relationship between positive parenting practices and loving family interaction with low levels of depression and that the absence of these aspects is a risk factor to depressive manifestations. This research investigated the relations existing between parental educational practices (involvement, monitoring, punishment, role model, communication, marital climate and adolescent feelings), parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and negligent) and depression of Brazilian teenagers. 1,200 students aged between 12 and 18 took part in the study, providing replies in a collective and anonymous manner to three different scales, namely: Family Interaction Quality Scales (Weber & et al., 2009), Demandingness and Responsiveness Scales (Lamborn et al., 1991) and Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1992). Statistical analysis revealed strong relations (p<0,001) between negative parental educational practices, especially low involvement, and also negative marital climate and signs of depression, whilst it was also observed that low depression score is related to positive parental practices and family interaction.
Keywords: parenting practices, adolescence, family, depression.