|Revista INFAD 2012||
ISSN EDICIÓN EN PAPEL: 0214-9877
|Nº1, Vol. 1, pp. 497-504||doi: en trámite|
Hábitos alimentarios en adolescentes de 14-16 años:
¿Han cambiado entre 2001 y 2011?
Estefanía Ruiz Palomino / Rafael Ballester Arnal / María Dolores Gil / Llario / Roberta Ceccato
/ Cristina Giménez García / Beatriz Gil Julià. pp. 497-504
Eating habits play a key role in adolescent development. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze whether some eating attitudes and behaviors have changed in the last decade (2001-2011) in two samples of adolescents between 14 and 16 years (N=468) from Valencian Community (Spain). Data was collected through 13 items of CIACS-2 (Ballester and Gil, 2007). Results indicate a higher percentage of self-reported problems related both to the lack as excessive appetite. There was an increase in weight control behaviors, as well as behaviors such as avoiding some fattening foods or exercising to burn calories. There have been few changes in the use of laxatives and attempts to bring up after eating much, however it should be noted the percentages are remained today. With regard to body image, now more adolescents are describing themselves as normal, and less as thin, as compared to 2001. Even so, there has been an increase in the percentage of subjects who have cried because they felt sorry for their figure. The statistical differences found by gender in this period are analyzed. Currently maintaining maladaptive behaviors related to eating behavior in adolescence which should be a priority for early detection and preventive intervention.
Keywords: adolescence, eating behaviors, body image, gender, evolution.