|Revista INFAD 2012||
ISSN EDICIÓN EN PAPEL: 0214-9877
|Nº1, Vol. 1, pp. 133-140||doi: en trámite|
Evaluación de la discapacidad en la infancia
Montserrat Santamaría Vázquez / Valeriana Guijo Blanco.pp.133-140
This research aims to analyze the existing resources to evaluate childhood disability in Spain, as well as to present the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) and its translation into Spanish.
After a comprehensive revision of the development evaluation literature available in Spain, we found that there are no references to the physical context in the evaluation. The International Classification of Functioning points out the need for the context in order to define disability.
Professionals from other countries use the PEDI, and they have demonstrated that it provides good assessment for clinical and research purposes. For this reason, the process of translation into Spanish has been started, as well as the re-normed process of the PEDI, since it is a clinical evaluation instrument that samples key functional capabilities and performance in children from 6 months to 7.5 years old by means of a structured interview for the children’s main caregivers. It uses two scales: the Functional Skills Scale with 197 items which assesses the ability or inability to perform skills and the Caregiver Assistance Scale and the Modification Scale which measure the caregiver’s typical amount of assistance provided to the child, environment modifications and specialized equipment used by the child.
Keywords: Evaluation. Disability. Pediatric. PEDI. Childhood. Functional Assessment Scale.