Parenting y estilos de vida adolescente saludables. El balance de las AS

Paloma Alonso Stuyck

Resumen


Es conocida la emergencia actual de fomentar estilos de vida saludable. Éstos se conforman a instancias de patrones de conducta socioculturales e individuales. Los estilos de crianza paternos tienen un gran peso en esta tarea, especialmente en la adolescencia, momento en el que se toman las primeras decisiones de modo autónomo. Los ámbitos de decisión adolescente son ganados a medida que los padres les ceden su autoridad: se trata de un balance entre la Autoridad paterna y la Autonomía filial: el balance de las As. En este proceso es frecuente la discrepancia paternofilial sobre a quién le compete decidir. Se proponen unos estilos de crianza centrados en las dimensiones educables de la persona, capaces de ajustar expectativas entre padres y adolescentes. Esos estilos de crianza forman el clima adecuado para establecer un diálogo afectivo sobre las conductas concretas y generar canales de disciplina asertiva; la principal ventaja de estos estilos de crianza centrados en la inteligencia, voluntad y afectividad de los hijos es que se pueden adaptar a los distintos contextos socioculturales. Al fomentar la autonomía adolescente promueven la interiorización de los estilos de vida saludable a largo plazo. La adolescencia se presenta como el periodo sensible para adoptar estilos de vida saludables.


Palabras clave


estilos de vida saludable; discrepancia entre padres y adolescente; parenting; autoridad paterna; autonomía conductual adolescente; disciplina asertiva; comunicación afectiva

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2020.n1.v2.1815 Statistics: Resumen : 27 views. PDF : 10 views.  

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