Combatiendo el prejuicio en personas mayores desde la formación.

Carmen Palmero Cámara, J.L. Álvarez del Castillo, Isabel Luis Rico, Tamara De La Torre Cruz, Camino Escolar Llamazares, Josefa González González, Ana Isabel Sánchez Iglesias, Alfredo Jiménez Eguizábal

Resumen


El presente estudio analiza la efectividad de un procedimiento de reducción automática del prejuicio, basado en la asunción de la perspectiva de los miembros de grupos estereotipados.
Específicamente, se aborda la evaluación de esta estrategia cognitiva en población mayor, y se contemplan variables potencialmente moduladoras entre la intervención y sus efectos sobre el prejuicio: personalidad, valores, empatía y atribución. Se recogieron datos en una muestra de 58 participantes con edad media de 63 años, en la que se implementó una intervención basada en imaginería mental dirigida a la reducción del prejuicio. Los resultados muestran una moderada efectividad de la estrategia y hallan interacción con diversas variables moduladoras. Particularmente fue la amabilidad, junto con la actividad atribucional y los valores de benevolencia, universalismo, autodirección y conformidad, los que intervinieron modulando la eficacia de la toma de perspectiva. La discusión, además de contrastar paralelismos y divergencias con los resultados de otros experimentos, sugiere algunas aplicaciones en la formación de personas mayores, demostrando que la autorregulación cognitiva se plantea como una competencia relevante en los estadios avanzados de la vida, decisiva para lograr un envejecimiento activo, satisfactorio e inclusivo.


Palabras clave


prejuicio; personas mayores; envejecimiento activo; toma de perspectiva; valores; inclusión; educación

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2017.n2.v1.1107 Statistics: Resumen : 389 views. PDF : 223 views.  

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